Victor Melder

                                       SRI LANKA NEWS
                                                          (JUNE  2020)
                                              Compiled by Victor Melder

Victor Meldor

INTRODUCTION As of 2010, there were 45,159 Sri Lankans living in the US. Substantial immigration began in the 1990s when many fled the violence of the Sri Lankan Civil War. The majority of Sri Lankan-Americans live in the vicinity of either New York City (where there’s a Little Sri Lanka on Staten Island), central New Jersey, or Los Angeles.

Two endangered leopards — including a rare black one — have been killed by snares in Sri Lanka in less than a week, sparking calls for authorities to crack down harder on the cruel traps.
A third was found alive in a snare and released back to the wild after being tranquilised.
In the latest case, the bloated carcass of a leopard was discovered Tuesday strangled by a wire snare on a cashew plantation on the edge of a forest reserve in Neluwa, some 145 kilometres (90 miles) southeast of the capital Colombo. “It is possible that the trap was set for a sambar deer, but the leopard got caught instead,” a wildlife official from the area told AFP. A week earlier, a rare black leopard — also known as melanistic because the colour is a pigment condition rather than the mark of a separate species — was found trapped alive in the Nallathanni highlands but died two days later. The third leopard was found Friday at Yatiyantota, another highland nature area, before being released back into the wild. Although setting snares in national parks and reserves is against the law, they are not illegal elsewhere and farmers often use them to protect crops or catch wild boar. Sri Lankan conservationist Jayantha Jayewardene said the spate of leopard snaring might be villagers driven to desperation because the coronavirus lockdown had deprived them of income.
There are believed to be less than 1,000 leopards in the wild in Sri Lanka, and harming the big cat is punishable by up to five years› jail.. (Daily Financial Times, 4.5.2020)

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SRI LANKA NEWS (MAY  2020) – Compiled by Victor Melder

INTRODUCTION As of 2010, there were 45,159 Sri Lankans living in the US. Substantial immigration began in the 1990s when many fled the violence of the Sri Lankan Civil War. The majority of Sri Lankan-Americans live in the vicinity of either New York City (where there’s a Little Sri Lanka on Staten Island), central New Jersey, or Los Angeles.

Victor Meldor

Sri Lanka’s merchandize export earnings fell by 41.9 percent, in March 2020, as the spread of COVID-19, in the country, disrupted the production of merchandise, the Export Development Board said. According to the monthly exports statistics, the year-on-year export earnings fell to US$ 646 million from US$ 1.112 billion, recorded in March 2019. The apparel sector, being the largest contributor, has shown a 41 percent decline during the month of March 2020, compared to the same month, in the previous year. Some of the other sectors that have recorded a significant decline, during the same period, include Tea (-22%), Rubber Products (-15.7%), Coconut products (-14.2%), Spices (-36.5%), fruits and vegetable products (-17.4%), fish and fisheries products (-29%), etc. However, analysis at disaggregate level on Coconut Milk Powder, Defatted Coconut, certain Coconut Kernel Products, Coconut Shell Charcoal, Essential Oils, Oleoresins, Ginger, Lemon, Melon and Papaya, Onions, Sweet Potatoes, Processed Food, Rice, Green Gram, Lentils, Organic Chemicals, Electrical Transformers, Boat Building, Petroleum Products etc. show a positive growth, during March 2020, compared to March 2019. Export Development Board (EDB) Chairman, Prabhash Subasinghe, notes that even though there is a decline in exports, during the month of March 2020, such a decline is expected due to the global economic and trading environment. With the release of March 2020 data, the country’s foreign exchange earnings show an overall decline of 19 percent, during January-March 2020, in comparison to the same period, in 2019, reaching US$ 3.382 billion from US$ 4.176 billion respectively, recording a 32 percent achievement, against the annual revised target of US$ 10.750 billion for the year 2020. Merchandise export earnings have recorded US$ 2.577 billion during Jan- March 2020, compared to 3.116 billion last year. Estimates in the services exports of ICT/ BPM, Construction, Financial services, Logistics and Wellness Tourism sectors show overall revenue of US$ 805 million during the period compared to US$ 1.060 billion last year. When looking at the disaggregate level of products, even though some of the major sectors show a decline in earnings, certain other sectors show a positive growth during the period under consideration. The following graph shows some sectors with negative growth, the EDB said. (Daily Island, 1.5.2020)

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SRI LANKA NEWS (APRIL 2020) by Victor Melder

INTRODUCTION As of 2010, there were 45,159 Sri Lankans living in the US. Substantial immigration began in the 1990s when many fled the violence of the Sri Lankan Civil War. The majority of Sri Lankan-Americans live in the vicinity of either New York City (where there’s a Little Sri Lanka on Staten Island), central New Jersey, or Los Angeles.

Victor Meldor

Between March 17 to April 4, 2020, 2,961 prison inmates have been released, on bail, on the recommendations of the special committee, appointed by President Gotabaya Rajapaksa, as part of efforts to combat the spread of Covid-19. A government communiqué said: The committee was appointed to make recommendations on the possibility of providing legal redress for the prisoners, following a request made by the inmates, during an inspection tour of the Prison premises, by the President, on an earlier occasion. Inmates who are unable to pay fines, or pay for bail money, or to produce personal bail, imprisoned for minor offences and those who had completed the better part of their prison term, or inmates suffering from illnesses and those who have not been granted bail, have been considered under this relief scheme, Director General, Legal Affairs of the Presidential Secretariat, Attorney-at-Law Harigupta Rohanadheera, said. At present, there are more than 26,000 inmates in the country’s prisons, while their total capacity does not exceed 10,000 persons. The health situation in the country had also been taken into consideration. Those who had been released are expected not to violate the terms of relief, granted by the Courts. (Daily Island, 6.4.2020)

A senior spokesperson for the Catholic Church, yesterday (06), told The Island that in line with measures taken by the government to curb the rapid spread of Covid-19, prayers wouldn’t be conducted at churches, countrywide, on Maundy Thursday (09), Good Friday (10) and Easter Sunday (12). Responding to a query, the spokesman, based at the Bishop’s House, Borella, emphasized that immediately after the outbreak of coronavirus the Church cancelled Sunday mass on March 15. The spokesperson pointed out that Palm Sunday services, on April 05, too, were not conducted with the participation of congregations. Instead, Palm Sunday services, conducted by the Archbishop of Colombo, Rt. Rev. Malcolm Cardinal Ranjith, were telecast live by Sirasa and Catholic TV Verbum. The Church pointed out that special prayers, during Holy Week, in the run-up to Good Friday, too couldn’t be conducted. Asked when resumption of prayers would be possible, the Church official said that it was too early to discuss the matter. The Church spokesperson said that the situation was so grave, at the moment, that health considerations should override religious dictates and sentiments. “We cannot be swayed by factors that may jeopardize the health of the nation,” the spokesperson said. The Archbishop of Colombo, at Palm Sunday services, conducted solo on Sunday, April 05, declared that time was not opportune for parliamentary election. In view of cancellation of prayers, the Church wouldn’t be able to conduct special services in memory of those who perished in the 2019 Easter Sunday attacks. Near simultaneous attacks on six targets, including three Churches at Kockckikade in Kotahena, Batticaloa and Katuwapitiya in Katana, on April 21, 2019, claimed the lives of 270. The blasts wounded approximately 400. Earlier, the Church was to conduct special prayers for the Easter Sunday victims. (Daily Island, 7.4.2020)

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OBITUARIES (E & O.E.) (APRIL  2020) – By Victor Melder

Victor Meldor

ARMITAGE – PETER HAROLD,  husband of Jennifer, father, grandfather and Brother of Andrew (Andy), Anthony (Tony), Melanie Huysmans and Janis Thiedeman. Son-in-law of Roy Hermon (dec), in Brisbane on February 13, 2020, aged 79 years. (Contributed)

CRAMER – FLORENCE, wife of Roy (dec), mother and mother-in-law of Leilanie & Nihal, Spencer & Eileen, Cassandra & Bill de Kretser. Grandmother of Sean, Darren, Ian and Tamara, in Brisbane, on April 3, 2020, aged 97 years. (Contributed)

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LEST WE FORGET – by Victor Melder


On Saturday, April 25, 2020, we commemorate ‘Anzac Day’, when we recall and commemorate

the heroic acts of the military servicemen and women, who gave ‘their yesterday’s, that we may have our


Due to the Corona Virus Pandemic and the ‘Social Distancing’ enforced to halt it’s spread, there will by

no ‘Dawn Service’ or Anzac Marches, Australia wide. Instead, the few surviving service personnel, their

family and friends will gather at dawn silently with a lighted candle in their drive ways.

We are now also remembering the heroic act of four Victorian Police officers, who were senselessly and

tragically mowed down by a speeding truck, whilst in the line of duty, on the evening of Wednesday, April 22.

The officers had intercepted a motor vehicle for traffic offences on the Chandler Highway and investigations

were continuing in the emergency lane.

At this time a truck travelling at an estimated 100kph, veered into the emergency lane, where the police

officers were, killing and injuring them. The motor vehicle offender, pulled up earlier, took photos of the

carnage and fled the scene.

The four police officer, all succumbed to their injuries. This was the worst police tragedy to hit the Victorian

Police force in its history..

As the parent of a serving member of the Victorian Police force, the tragedy reinforces the inherent danger

they are called to face in carrying out their day-to-day duties, in helping keep the community safe.

It takes a special breed of person to want to join the police force and serve the community at large. Chief

Commissioner Ashton said “Committing one’s life to serving and protecting others is a truly unique attribute.

They do it to protect. They do it to make a difference”.

I recall the words of an elderly person who once said, “If you don’t like the Police, next time you are in trouble,

call a Hippy” !!

The senior officer killed, had a 31-year career with the force and was looking forward to retirement, another had

six years of service, the third, a year’s service, whilst the most junior officer had passed out of the Police Academy

in December last year.

We grieve and silently suffer with the family members of the four officers who gave their lives. Their lives

will never ever be the same again. The pain will linger on for the rest of their lives.

We remember and pray for the four officers, as we too grieve for them:

Leading Senior Constable LYNETTE TAYLOR

Senior Constable KEVIN KING





Victor Meldor - eLanka

Victor Melder

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SRI LANKA NEWS (MARCH 2020) – Compiled by Victor Melder.

Victor Meldor



Sri Lanka’s national carrier SriLankan Airlines is expected to lose 130 million US dollars (about 26 billion rupees) in the year to March 2020, officials said, taking total losses under full state ownership and management to 232 billion rupees. The airline would also need a 300 million dollar capital injection to reduce a spiral of debt, officials said. “We estimate that by this March we will lose about 130 million US dollars,” newly appointed SriLankan Airlines Chairman Ashok Pathirage told the parliament’s Committee on Public Enterprises. The Easter Sunday bombings had hurt the airline and it the ongoing Coronavirus epidemic was also negative with flight to China being cut. However in 2021, the Airline was expecting to cut losses to about 30 million dollars, he said. The Airlines started to lose money under state management, from 2008. Losses would total of 232 billion rupees by March 2020, including 115 million dollars paid to cancel a controversial Airbus deal. Sri Lankan needs a 300 million US dollar (about 54.6 billion rupees) capital injection to reduce gearing, Pathirage said. The airline is undercapitalized due to past losses. Earlier capital injections from the tax-payer had been burned in losses. As of March 2019, SriLankan had a 168 billion rupee gap in its balance sheet. SriLankan Airlines was making losses when it was managed by Emirates, who owned 40 percent of the stock. SriLankan is looking at acquiring 4-5 year old Airbus A330 aircraft and resuming flights to Frankfurt, Pathirage said. It is also looking to start flights to Sydney in Australia. Chief Executive Vipula Gunatilleke said leasing second hand aircraft was much cheaper than getting brand new aircraft. Sri Lankan Airlines is paying above market lease installments for seven Airbus A330 CEOs it had acquired as part of a controversial deal in which is subject to a corruption probe. SriLankan is one of several state enterprises that has pushed up national debt, and has worsened the country’s debt profile. Losses at SriLankan were also hurting other state enterprises, a phenomenon known as circular debt. (Sunday Island, 1.3.2020)

By end of 2020, Sri Lanka’s central government debt was about 83 percent of gross domestic product, publicly guaranteed debt was about 5.2 percent and state enterprise debt was 14.6 percent, taking the total up to 99.4 percent of debt. SriLankan Airlines debt obligations by end 2018 was 250 billion rupees or about 1.7 percent of gross domestic product and a part of its debt was also directly guarantee by the Treasury about to 32 billion rupees or 0.2 percent of GDP, according to the International Monetary Fund estimate. SriLankan is also contributing to losses and debt at state-run Ceylon Petroleum Corporation, which had debt of 612 billion rupees or 4.2 percent of GDP and was indirectly financing SriLankan. In 2018, the CPC lost 80 billion rupees by borrowing unhedged dollars, despite having a price formula that brought in cash. Pathirage said SriLankan bought about 14 million US dollars of fuel a month from CPC, and it was only settling about6 million US dollars. But it has now been increase to 8 million dollars. He said his intention was to eventually settle all current purchases from CPC on time, though accumulated arrears will have to be settled separately. (Sunday Island, 1.3.2020)

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                               SRI LANKA NEWS
                                         (FEBRUARY  2020)
                                    Compiled by Victor Melder.

Victor Meldor - eLanka

A proposal to provide increased pension benefits for those who retired after 2017 has been abandoned as the plan would cost the government a staggering Rs 130 billion annually. A senior Treasury official said that instead of increasing the pensions, the Government would come up with a revised scheme where the pensions of those who retired after December 31, 2017 would be calculated on the salary scales as at the end of 2017. Under a proposal of the former Government, the pensions were to be calculated on the basis that they had served until 2020. Accordingly, those retiring were to receive a minimum of Rs 3,000 additional pension, with higher grades due to receive more than Rs 10,000 a month. The previous UNF Government’s pension plan was to apply to some 100,000 employees who retired after 2017. The official explained that the implementation of the former government’s proposal would lead to the  creation of a major salary anomaly among 600,000 pensioners, who retired before 2017. At present, the Government spends Rs 240 billion annually for the payment of pensions and if the proposal was implemented the annual pension bill would have shot up to Rs 370 billion, he said. “The increased amount will be a severe burden on the Treasury and, therefore, implementation of the proposal will not be possible.” He said under the new formula to be worked out within the next six to seven months, all pensioners would be treated equally.  (Sunday Times, 2.2.2020)

Sri Lanka’s tourist arrivals dropped 7.4 percent from a year earlier to 226,094 and in January 2020, and visitors from China dropped 15 percent to 22,363, Chairperson of Sri Lanka’s Tourist Development Authority Kimarli Fernando said. Arrivals from China had dropped to 22,263 in January 2020 from 26,414 visitors last year. There has been a small drop in arrivals from other destinations, she said. Sri Lanka is expecting a sharper slowdown in tourists in February after the island stopped giving on-arrival visas Chinese visitors. Sri Lanka is now pre-approving visas to visitors only from Chinese cities where there no large concentrations of coronavirus infections. China has also stopped outgoing group tours from the country. “Tour operators have cancelled but individuals and families are still arriving,” she said. Sri Lanka has put in place procedures to handle visitors for China, with separate lines for immigration, thermal screening, doctors examination at the airport. They also have to fill a form giving their itinerary. Health officials said tourist from China and tour guides and drivers have been asked to wear masks and wash their hands frequently. (Economynext, 3.2.2020)

Sri Lanka’s inflation, as measured by the change in the Colombo Consumers’ Price Index (CCPI), increased to 5.4% in January 2020 from 4.8 in December 2019, the Central Bank of Sri Lanka reported. This was driven by monthly increase of prices of items in both food and non-food categories. Food inflation (Y-o-Y) increased substantially to a 25-month high of 11.7% in January 2020 from 6.35 in December 2019, while Nonfood inflation (Y-o-Y) stood at 2.9 per cent. The change in the CCPI measured on an annual average basis increased marginally to 4.4 per cent in January 2020 from 4.3 per cent in December 2019. Monthly change of CCPI recorded at 1.4 per cent in January 2020 and it was due to the price increases observed in the items of both Food and Non-food categories. Within the Food category, prices of vegetables increased significantly due to supply shortages caused by adverse weather conditions prevailed during the previous month. (Daily Mirror, 4.2.2020)

Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa, on Wednesday, asked Parliament to approve an increase in the debt ceiling from Rs. 721 billion to Rs. 1.078 trillion. He made this request during a speech on the country’s current economic situation. The Prime Minister also urged the House to approve a supplementary estimate which proposes to increase the allocation for recurrent expenditure by Rs. 101 billion and Rs. 55 billion for capital expenditure. The government urged the House to approve Rs. 211 billion for projects carried out with foreign loans. The previous government had obtained loans at a high interest for projects and there had been huge cost overruns, the PM said. “The government could not get loans because the debt ceiling has been exceeded. The money allocated by Parliament to pay back loans taken by previous government was insufficient.” PM Rajapaksa also said that the previous government had promised to reduce the budget deficit to 4%. However, it now stood at 7%. “When I handed the government in 2015, the budget deficit was 5%. The debt as a percentage of National revenue was 70%. Now it’s 80%. The previous government increased taxes and extended low interest loans in a bid to generate income,” he said. The economy was growing at 3%, the lowest in the region. By 2020, the budget deficit would be reduced to 4%, PM Rajapaksa said. “The previous government expected an income of Rs. 2,400 billion for 2019. By November 2019, only Rs. 1,600 was raised. Rs. 1,800 was collected by December. There is a shortfall of Rs. 600 billion. This shows that increasing taxes and complicating the tax regime had not led to an increase in income.” (Daily Island, 7.2.2020)

About 64 new cancer patients are detected daily in the country and of them around 38 are terminally ill, says Dr. Suraj Perera, Consultant Community Physician, National Cancer Control Program. Dr. Perera said that as per the latest statistics around 23,530 new cancer cases are reported annually from Sri Lanka. Of those cases around 14,013 die of the disease. Dr. Perera said: “Of the male patients the majority have oral cancer, while the majority of female patients have breast cancer. One third of cancer related deaths are caused by obesity, lack of consumption of vegetables and fruits, lack of physical exercise, high consumption of alcohol and tobacco.” Consultant Community Physician Dr. Nayana de Alwis said that controlling sugar, salt and food items containing trans-fat would help reduce the excessive amount of body fat leading to reduction in the number of obesity cases. She said that there was an increase in burning of polythene polluting air with carcinogenic particles. The increase in burning polythene was witnessed despite the ban. “Increasing air pollution, too, could be identified as a cause of increasing number of cancer patients. In many houses we still use firewood to prepare food. The World Health Organisation has advocated against using firewood as a fuel because inhaling the smoke coming from burning firewood could result in cancer. We request people to shift from firewood to another alternative fuel source and until they do so to burn firewood after opening all windows and doors in their kitchens. That would help reduce the inhaling the smoke.” She pointed out that consuming a healthy meal, avoiding consumption of alcohol and tobacco and maintaining a correct body mass index would help reduce the risk of cancer. Consultant Community Physician Dr. Udaya Usgodarachchi said that action should be taken to discourage the use of alcohol and tobacco to reduce the number of cancer cases. The government should ban the use of areca nut and sweetened betel such as babul, Dr. Usgodarachchi added. (Daily Island, 11.2.2020)

Sri Lanka reported 103 fatalities due to electrocution in the year 2019 up from 89 fatalities reported in 2018, the electrocution report 2019 released by the Public Utilities Commission of Sri Lanka (PUCSL), the electricity sector regulator, revealed. The southern province of Sri Lanka reported the highest fatalities due to electrocution in 2019 while western province reported the lowest. The southern province reported 30 fatalities due to electrocution in the year 2019. The southern province reported 97 fatalities due to electrocution in the period of 2015-19 which stood as the highest in the country compared to the electrocutions reported in other provinces in the same period.  Drawing power lines to illegally to protect cultivation or to kill wild animals has been identified as the main reasons for the highest fatalities due to electrocution in the country while small scale electric repair work at home/ workplace and Activities near power lines also have contributed to the electrocutions in 2019. The latest statistics show, males are more exposed to electrocutions as 86 per cent from total fatalities due to electrocution reported in 2019 were males which stood at 83 per cent in 2018. People who are at the age range of 40 to 50 stood as the most vulnerable age group exposed to electrocution in 2019. According to the international benchmark, the possibility of occurring electrocution, is only one (01) electrocution for one million people, per year. In 2019, the Sri Lankan electrocution index stood at five times higher than the global benchmark. The PUCSL has introduced number of safety regulations to uplift the electricity safety of the country and is in the process of building a national network of safety ambassadors representing all the villages in Sri Lanka to strengthen people with knowledge of safe use of electricity. (Times Online, 12.2.2020)

Cabinet has rejected a request by the Department of Immigration and Emigration to not extend the “free visa” facility to tourists from 48 countries.  A proposal to extend the free visa facility to visitors from these countries for a further three months from February 1 to April 30 was approved by Cabinet. The Immigration and Emigration Department though, had opposed the move to extend the facility, noting that it had resulted the department losing about Rs 1 billion a month, with total losses of approximately Rs 5.5 biillion up to date, sources told Times Online.  The previous Government had given the free visa facility to tourists from 48 countries for a six month period effective from August 1, 2019.  In deciding to extend the visa facility by a further six months, the new Government has stated that the move to provide free visas has resulted in a rise in tourists to Sri Lanka from these countries. (Times online, 13.2.2020)

Indian Navy’s Sandhayak-class ship INS Jamuna, which has arrived in Sri Lanka, will carry out detailed hydrographic surveys and several shore-based survey activities over the two-month deployment period. The ship has been deployed to Sri Lanka based on a mutual agreement to carry out a joint hydrographic survey off the south-west coast of Sri Lanka, the Indian Navy said in a statement. “Over the two months deployment period, the ship will carry out detailed hydrographic surveys and several shore-based survey activities,” the statement said. Sri Lanka Navy personnel will embark the ship during the conduct of the joint survey. Additionally, they will also be provided “hands-on survey training during every operational turn around in port,” it added. (Daily Island, 15.2.2020)

Sri Lanka currently ranks 104 out of 162 countries for Economic Freedom (Economic Freedom of the World Index, 2019). This is a 7 step drop from last year’s ranking, 97. The President, in his Independence Day address to the nation promised “I not only respect your freedom, but I will work towards improving it and guarantee the political and economic freedom in a truly democratic country”. Advocata commended this  line of thinking and believes his vision can be achieved through the recommendations listed below. Economic Freedom is the degree to which the policies and institutions of countries are supportive of economic freedom. The cornerstones of economic freedom are personal choice, voluntary exchange, freedom to enter markets and compete, and security of the person and privately owned property. Sri Lanka’s rank in the indicator “Freedom to trade internationally” is alarmingly poor, ranking 113 out of 162 countries. When governments impose restrictions that reduce the ability of their residents to engage in voluntary exchange with people in other countries, economic freedom is diminished. Not only does Sri Lanka enforce exorbitant taxes on imports, trade facilitation in the country is poor. Recommendations: Replace Sri Lanka’s complex tariff system with a low and uniform tariff rate. Implementation and improvement of the National Single Window for trade, which will allow all parties involved in trade and transport to lodge standardized information and documents at a single-entry point to fulfil all import, export and transit-related regulatory requirements.  Reforming the Customs Ordinance. The National Export Strategy mentions that a new Customs Act, which is in line with international standards for trade facilitation, has been drafted but this hasn’t progressed beyond this stage. (Sunday Island, 16.2.2020)

United States Ambassador to Sri Lanka Alaina B. Teplitz has been summoned to the Ministry of Foreign Relations tomorrow (16) to inform the Sri Lankan government’s objection to the imposition of travel restrictions on Army Commander Lt. Gen. Shavendra Silva and his immediate family members. On Friday, the United States said it would refuse entry to Sri Lanka’s Army chief over what it said “credible” evidence of human rights violations in the 2009 finale to the civil war in Sri Lanka.
However, issuing a statement, the Sri Lankan government said it takes strong objection to the imposition of travel restrictions on Army Commander Lt. Gen. Shavendra Silva and his immediate family members by the United States government, based on independently unverified information. (Daily Mirror, 16.2.2020)

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SRI LANKA CRICKET NEWS – (JANUARY 2020) – Compiled by Victor Melder

Victor Meldor

The national cricket team will undertake their first assignment of this year taking wings to India today for a three match T-20 series. The opening encounter will be played on Sunday (January 5) in the eastern city of Guwahati. The port city in the state of Assam is bordering China. The remaining two games will be played in Indore (January 7) and Pune (January 10). The team will fly to Madras today morning, where they have a five hour layover before taking the next flight to Guwahati. The Sri Lankan series is sandwiched between the tours of West Indies and Australia. Lasith Malinga’s side will not be playing in any of the major cities with all premier cricket centers allocated for the West Indies and the Australians. The tour was not on the Future Tour Programme (FTP) and the Sri Lankans are replacing Zimbabwe. Former captain Angelo Mathews returns to the side after being overlooked for the shortest version of the game for more than a year. Mathews last played a T-20 International in August last year. The selectors had indicated that Mathews should start bowling again if he were to be considered for T-20 cricket. The injury prone all-rounder has resumed bowling and he is expected to share the new ball with skipper Lasith Malinga in the three match series. The spotlight is on Malinga’s captaincy after the team suffered successive series losses under his leadership. Dasun Shanaka, meanwhile, led the team for a 3-0 whitewash against Pakistan away from home after several seniors pulled out of the tour due to security reasons. Fast bowler Kasun Rajitha was drafted into the 16 member squad after Nuwan Pradeep got injured while training lead up to the tour. The squad was approved by the Ministry of Sports only last evening. Sports Minister Dallas Allaperuma had instructed SLC to submit squads for approval 14 days prior to the team’s departure. SLC sources said that practically it will be impossible to submit teams two weeks prior to the departure. SLC is expected to take up the matter with the Minister. There will be a lot of focus on T-20 cricket this year with the T-20 World Cup scheduled later this year in Australia. Sri Lanka needs to play a qualifying round ahead of the tournament also in Australia. The former champions will play Ireland, Papua New Guinea and Oman in the qualifying round in Geelong in the state of Victoria before the tournament proper gets underway. Prior to that, Sri Lanka will host South Africa and India for T-20 series. (Daily Island, 2.1.2020)

The first T20 match between the touring Sri Lankans and India, scheduled to be played at Barsapaa Cricket Stadium, Guwahati, was abandoned due to rain. India won the toss and chose to bowl, but that’s as far as the weather allowed.

India beat the touring Sri Lankans by 7 wickets to win the second T20 played at Holkar Cricket Stadium, Indore. Scores:

Sri Lanka – 142/9 in 20 Overs (M.Perera 34, Fernando 22, Gunathilaka 20,  Thakur 3/23, Saini 2/18, Yadav 2/38, Sundar 1/29)

India – 144/3 in 17.3 Overs (Rahul 45, Iyer 34, Dhawan 32, Kohli 30no, de Silva 2/30, Kumara 1/30)

Player of the match: Navdeep Saini (India)    

India beat the touring Sri Lankans by 78 runs to win the third and final T20, played at Maharashtra Cricket Association Stadium, Pune. Scores:

India – 201/6 in 20 Overs (Rahul 54, Dhawan 52, Pandey 31no, Sandakan 3/35, de Silva 1/27, Kumara 1/46)

Sri Lanka – 123 in 15.5 Overs (de Silva 57, Mathews 31, Saini 3/28, Thakur 2/19, Sundar 2/37, Bumrah 1/5)

Player of the match: Shardul Thakur (India)

Player of the series: Navdeep Saini (India)

India won the 3-match series 2-0.

The national cricket team has got a hectic schedule in 2020 where they will play nine Test matches, 12 ODIs and at least 16 T-20s. They will be playing more T-20s than the other two formats for the obvious reason that this year the World T-20 will be staged in Australia in late October. This is apart from the Asia Cup, also a T-20 tournament to be played in Pakistan. Accordingly, Sri Lanka will host England and Bangladesh in Tests at home while their Test tours will be only to the African continent. Later this month, they will travel to Zimbabwe and will spend Christmas in South Africa. While the series against Bangladesh consists three games, all other series scheduled are two Test series, Sri Lanka Cricket officials told The Island yesterday. Bangladesh will be here in June. The biggest attraction of them all will be India’s tour to the island. Virat Kohli’s side will play three ODIs and three T-20s followed by South Africa who will also play a similar number of games. West Indies are due in February to play three ODIs and two T-20s. A home series against Zimbabwe comprising three ODIs and two T-20s is unconfirmed. In October, Pakistan will arrive for three ODIs and two T-20s. Sri Lanka need to play a qualifying round ahead of the World T-20 where their opponents will be Ireland, Oman and Papua New Guinea. Currently, Sri Lanka are ranked sixth in Tests, eighth in ODIs and seventh in T-20s. Lasith Malinga’s side needs to win at least one of the three T-20s in India to avoid slipping to number eight in T-20 Rankings. If they lose all the games, Afghanistan will overtake them. (Daily Island, 3.1.2020

Sri Lanka Cricket

Sri Lanka Cricket (SLC) this week decided to terminate the contract of suspended Head Cricket Coach Chandika Hathurusingha after a one-man committee found him guilty for all six charges of failing to discharge his obligations under the contract, creating disharmony within the team and for gross insubordination. The report which was tabled at Thursday’s Executive Committee meeting comes just days after enraged Hathurusingha sent a letter of demand to the tune of US$ 5 million for wrongful termination of his contract and causing damage to his reputation. The letter of termination will now be served to Hathurusingha who remained suspended since August last year. SLC has charged him on six counts including failing to prepare the Sri Lanka team physically and mentally for tours; failing to build confidence of players in need to [sic] support; for creating disharmony and failure to build team spirit; failure to adhere to the ICC’s Code of Conduct; insubordination; and acting in a manner which is totally unbecoming of a National Head Coach. The report was prepared by Justice Lalith Jayasuriya against the alleged breach of contractual obligations by Hathurusingha. “By the said report, Mr. Hathurusingha was found guilty for all the six charges levelled against him for failing to discharge his obligations under the contract, creating disharmony within the team and for gross insubordination,” a SLC ExCo submission reads.(Sunday Times, 12.1.2020)

Sri Lanka Tuesday named a 15-member squad for the two-match Test series in Zimbabwe, the first in the African nation since its suspension was lifted by the ICC. Both Tests will be held in Harare, the first from Sunday and the second starting on January 27th, Sri Lanka’s cricket board said. Zimbabwe last played a Test match in November 2018 when they toured Bangladesh and they were barred from ICC events in July last year because of political interference but was readmitted by the International Cricket Council three months later. Sri Lanka squad: Dimuth Karunaratne (Captain), Oshada Fernando, Kusal Mendis, Angelo Mathews, Dinesh Chandimal, Lahiru Thirimanne, Dhananjaya de Silva, Niroshan Dickwella, Dilruwan Perera, Lasith Embuldeniya, Lahiru Kumara, Vishwa Fernando, Kasun Rajitha, Lakshan Sandakan and Suranga Lakmal. (Daily Island, 15.1.2020)

The touring Sri Lankans beat Zimbabwe by 10 wickets to win the first Test, played at Hararare Sports Club. Scores:

Zimbabwe – 1st Innings 358 (Ervine 85, Kasuza 63, Masvaure 55, Tiripano 44no, Raza 41, Embuldeniya 5/114, Lakmal 3/53, Kumara 2/82)

Sri Lanka – 1st Innings 515/9 dec (Mathews 200no, Mendis 80, de Silva 63, Dickwella 63, Raza 3/62, Nyauchi 3/69, Williams 2/104, Tiripano 1/82)

Zimbabwe – 2nd Innings – 170 (Williams 39, Taylor 38, Lakmal 4/27, Kumara 3/32, Embuldeniya 2/74)

Sri Lanka – 2nd Innings 14/0 (Karunaratne 10no, Fernando 4no)

Player of the match: Angelo Mathews (Sri Lanka)

Test debut: Ainsley Ndlovu, Victor Nyauchi, Kavin Kasuza, Brian Mudzinganayama (Zimbabwe)

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SRI LANKA NEWS (JANUARY 2020) – Compiled by Victor Melder

Victor Meldor

Three more endemic species have been added to the Sri Lanka’s endemic gecko list. With this Sri Lanka now has 39 endemic species of gecko. In 2019, 13 endemic species were discovered. More new endemic gecko species will be discovered in 2020 with the ongoing research studies. The team of scientists that discovered the latest three species are S. Karunarathna, A de Silva, M. Botejue, D. Gabadage, L. Somaratna, A Hettige, N Aberathna, M. Madawala, G. Edirisinghe, N. Perera, S. Wickramaarachchi, T. Surasinghe, N. Karunarathna, M. Wickramasinghe, KDB. Ukuwela and AM. Bauer. Three new day gecko species of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch were found in three isolated granite cave habitats in Bambaragala (Ratnapura District), Dimbulagala (Polonnaruwa District), and Mandaramnuwara (Nuwara-Eliya District). One of the Chief Scientists of the study, Suranjan Karunaratna told The Island that all of those new species were assigned to the kandiana clade based on morphology. These species are small (28–35 mm) in size. Each of these species are categorized as Critically Endangered (CR) under IUCN Red List criteria. Due to their restricted distributions (as point endemics), the habitats of these specialist species are vulnerable to fragmentation, edge effects and anthropogenic activities. Therefore, these isolated forest patches in Sri Lanka are in need of special conservation attention and management, the scientists said. (Daily Island, 2.1.2020)

The Department of Wildlife on Tuesday said that two wild elephants had been electrocuted when they came into contact with an electric fence around a house at Dematawewa, Horowpothana. The elephants were more than nine feet tall and in the ages of 20-25 years, according to officials. The house owner has been arrested by the Horowpothana Police and Horowpothana Wildlife Department office are conducting further investigations into the matter. (IN) (Daily Island, 2.1.2020)

Four SLAF personnel died in an air crash at Tambipillai mawatha, Haputale, yesterday morning, after engaging in an aerial observation mission. They were identified as Squadron Leader Buddhika Weebadde, Flight Lieutenant Lankapura Kulathunga, Sergeant I W R W Kumara and L.A.C. Hettiarachchi. The ill-fated aircraft––a Chinese built Y 12 –– was returning to its base at Weerawila when it went down. SLAF headquarters said that an inquiry was underway, though a technical fault was suspected. Villagers tried to put out the fire on the crashed aircraft. A resident saw the aircraft flying over her home shortly before it crashed close to her garden. SLAF acquired Y 12 in the 80s. The aircraft capable of taking off from short runways can carry 16 passengers. (Daily Island, 4.1.2020)

Speaker Karu Jayasuriya has announced yesterday that he accepted United National Front (UNF) MP Sajith Premadasa as the Opposition Leader of the 4th Session of the 8th Parliament. He also announced that Ministers Dinesh Gunaradena and Johnston Fernando had been appointed as the Leader of the House and the Chief Government Whip respectively while announcing UNF MP Gayantha Karunatileka as the Chief Opposition Whip. Leader of the House Dinesh Gunawardena and Chief Government Whip Johnston Fernando assumed duties in their respective positions last morning. (Daily News, 4.1.2020)

Sri Lanka tea exports for November 2019 totaled 21.9 M/kgs, showing a marginal gain of 0.6 M/kgs vis-à-vis 21.3 M/kgs of November 2018, a new report showed. Packeted tea has shown a growth YOY, whilst bulk tea has remained static, Forbes and Walker Tea Brokers said in their monthly report. “Meanwhile, tea bags have shown a decline compared to November 2018.” Total revenue of Rs. 18.2 B for November 2019 has remained static compared to the corresponding month of 2018. Total FOB value, however, of Rs. 832.70 for November 2019 has shown a decrease of Rs. 22.92 vis-à-vis Rs. 855.62 of November 2018. Turkey has secured the No. 1 position as the largest importer of Sri Lankan Tea for the period under review, followed by Iraq and Russia. Other noteworthy importers are Iran, Libya, China, Azerbaijan, Syria and UAE. Meanwhile, destinations such as USA, Germany, India and Saudi Arabia have shown a significant growth in 2019 compared to the corresponding period of 2018. (Daily Island, 5.1.2020)

Giving a taste of what awaits Sri Lanka in the next five years, President Gotabaya Rajapaksa yesterday outlined core policies of his Government, centering on significant changes to develop Sri Lanka’s economy, including revamping the public sector, infusing technology in agriculture, and plans to improve investment and reduce poverty. President Rajapaksa inaugurated the fourth session of the eighth Parliament on Friday morning, inviting all to join hands to develop the country, establish peace and harmony without neglecting national security, and reject the role played by minorities as kingmakers. The President reached the Parliament Complex at 9.30 a.m. with two security vehicles escorted by three police motorcycles deviating from traditional motorcades and mounted police. Taking part in a simple ceremony which lacked a guard of honour, the 21-gun salute, and traditional drums and dancers, the President and First Lady Ioma Rajapaksa were received by Speaker Karu Jayasuriya, Secretary-General Dhammika Dassanayake, and Sergeant-at-Arms Narendra Fernando. The quorum bell was rung at 9.55 a.m., and the President arrived in the Chamber along with the Speaker and the secretaries. He was seen being greeted by lawmakers on both sides. The President commenced his Policy Statement at 10.05 a.m. and it lasted for 35 minutes. He adjourned the House at 10.40 a.m. at the end of the Throne Speech till 1 pm to make room for the Parliament sitting. During the speech, he touched on the importance of restoring the respect of Parliament and the long political history of his family. President Rajapaksa devoted the lion’s share of his speech to discuss the economic challenges before Sri Lanka and the need to focus on achieving greater expectations of the public. He pointed out that the first steps to turning around Sri Lanka’s economy has already been taken with the stimulus package, loan moratorium and restrictions on imports of spices, but insisted that much more needs to be done. “We must ensure that the benefits of development reach every group of people. We must employ modern methodologies and indicators to gauge whether the needs of the people are truly being met and whether they are happy. It is no longer necessary to wait for elections to find out how people feel about the work program of the Government,” he said. “We need everyone’s support for our efforts to reduce the cost of living of the people. The corporate sector must ensure that some percentage of the benefits of the tax concessions recently provided to them are passed on to the public as well. Accordingly, we expect a reduction in the price of all goods and services on which taxes have been reduced.” The President emphasised that the main aim of the stimulus package is to ensure economic stability for all citizens, provide equal opportunities for citizens, to establish a clean and efficient State sector that is committed to public service, and to protect and empower local entrepreneurs. “In order to successfully establish a people-centric economy, it is important that every official from the highest to the lowest level of government becomes aware of our vision and aims. That will enable them to perform their duties more productively.” He backed implementing a special program to combat corruption and fraud. He also said legal action must be taken promptly against all who engage in corrupt practices, irrespective of their status. “Today, most countries have employed technology as a means of enhancing the efficiency of the State sector. Through this, it will also be possible to provide equal opportunities for all. As such, we will pay special attention to increasing the use of technology in government institutions. “If we work according to a proper plan, we will be able to encourage international businesses to locate themselves in Sri Lanka and supply goods and services to regional neighbouring countries. To encourage such investors, we must be prepared to swiftly provide all the facilities they require within Sri Lanka.” Continued improvement of infrastructure would also be necessary and will remain a focus of the Government, Rajapaksa said. It will be broadened to include train travel and improve urbanisation issues, such as traffic. (Daily Financial Times, 4.1.2020)

A young male leopard, with its limbs and several teeth missing, was found dead close to the 14th-milepost outside the Udawalawe National Park on January 1, Udawalawe National Park Warden said. He said the leopard was a well-grown specimen, 157 cm long. It was found at the end of the canal connecting to the Mau-Ara Tank. Wildlife officer had later removed the body for investigations. “We suspect foul play as the cause of the death of the leopard,” said adding that several deaths of leopards was reported some two years ago. He said the body was handed over to the Veterinary Department of Udawalawe Ath Athuru Sevana (Elephant Transit Home) to conduct a postmortem examination. According to a survey less than ten leopards were found at this National Park. Wildlife Conservation Department spokesperson Hasini Sarachchandra said there were more than 1,000 leopards found in national parks and surveys are ongoing. (Daily Mirror, 5.1.2020)

The seal which was seen resting among the rocks in the sea off Bambalapitiya has gone missing since December 18, the Wildlife Conservation Department said. The department’s spokesperson Hasini Sarachchandra said yesterday there were no signs of the seal which was last seen on December 18. “The seal must have returned to its home grounds,” she said. Ms. Sarachchandra said the seal had completed moulting when it was last seen and said it was first spotted in the sea off Mirissa on November 21 later in the sea off Bambalapitiya. She said these creatures moult once a year, usually after the breeding season and during this period the seals cannot enter the water because they lack the insulation to keep them warm and approach land to have their skin exposed to sunlight.  Wildlife veterinary officers, wildlife western regional officers, coast conservation department officers and navy personnel were deployed to protect the seal during its stay off Bambalapitiya. (Daily Mirror, 5.1.2020)

More than 21,800 people had sought treatment against rabies at the Kalubowila Teaching Hospital in the past year. Hospital Director Dr Asela Gunawardena, told the Sunday Times that 21,820 persons had been given the anti rabies vaccine following incidents of dog bites, and scratches by cats in 2019. He said the number of anti rabies injections administered to patients differed according to the place of the injury, the bite and the condition of the wound. Dr Gunawardena pointed out some patients were administered a series of six injections, for which government spent over Rs 4,000. He added that doctors had to use immunoglobuilin injections on a patient, if an animal which attacked the victim died following the attack. He added immunoglobuilin vaccines were much more expansive than the anti rabies vaccines. Explaining further Dr Gunawardena said there are two varieties of anti rabies vaccines. He said government spends around Rs 18,000 to provide Equine Immunoglobulin vaccine (ERIG) per patient who have allergic reactions to the vaccine.(Sunday Times, 5.1.2020).

Four individuals including two hunters were arrested last Sunday in connection with the death of a young but fully-grown leopard at the Udawalawe National Park. The carcass with its limbs severed and teeth missing was found on January 1 in close proximity to the 14th milepost outside the Udawalawe National Park. The police have now launched a probe to determine what exactly happened in this regard . The suspects were arrested based on information gathered by the police investigations division. The suspects had set up a trap for animals but unfortunately, the leopard had got caught in it. It was when one of the suspects took the carcass home and his family asked him to dispose it that he, along with the other suspects, hired a trishaw and threw the dead animal to the canal connecting to the Mau-Ara tank. According to Udawalawe National Park Warden R.G.R.S. Ranatunga, the carcass had been handed over to the Veterinary Department of Udawalawe Ath Athuru Sevana (Elephant Transit Home) on January 1 for an autopsy. The suspects were ordered to be remanded till January 17 when they were produced in the Embilipitiya Magistrate’s Court yesterday. (Daily Mirror Online, 7.1.2020)

The death toll of yesterday’s , bus accident in Badulla has arisen to 12, police said noting that 30 individuals had been injured in the incident.  The bus, belonging to the Sri Lanka Transport Board (SLTB), had toppled down a slope for about 200 metres after tumbling off a precipice along the Passara – Madulsima road.. It is believed that the bus had veered off the road while attempting to allow another vehicle to overtake it.  A post-mortem examination is to be carried out on the deceased victims which includes two school children, at the Badulla General Hospital. Four police officers are among the injured victims. The Police and the SLTB have launched an investigation into the incident. (Times Online, 7.1.2020)

Workers’ remittances have declined by 7.2%, year-on-year in November to $ 515 million, Central Bank said on Friday. On a cumulative basis, workers’ remittances declined by 5.9% to $ 6.05 billion during the first 11 months of 2019, compared to the corresponding period of 2018.The dip in November comes after workers’ remittances grew by 1.3%, year-on-year, to $ 607 million in October 2019 and by 3.3% year-on-year to $ 516 million in September 2019. (Times online, 20.1.2020)

Wildlife Department has recorded the presence of a black leopard in Sri Lanka during a research conducted in the major .wildlife reserves in the country. The images of the leopard was captured by a camera placed in the forest. Earlier it was believed that the species was extinct in the country. Malaka Abeywardena, a veterinary surgeon attached to the Wildlife Department, said, the leopard, seen in the central hills, is a male. Abeywardena said, they had received information that there were black leopards living in several places in the central hills and the Sinharaja forest range. The cameras were placed after that. Earlier parts of carcasses of two black leopards killed by hunters were found in Pitadeniya in Sinharaja and on another occasion the body of another black leopard caught in a trap was found. (Daily Island, 21.1.2020.

The black leopard found in the wilds of Sri Pada recently is not a different species of leopard and it has got dark skin due to melanism, undue development of dark-coloured pigment in the skin, the Department of Wildlife Conservation says. Department’s Publicity Officer, Hasini Sarathchandra told The Island that it was definitely not a different species but a colour variation. ‘We found similar type of a leopard in Sinharaja World Heritage Forest sometime ago. However, the Department would continue with ongoing research programmes to find whether there were other species in the cat family or species closely related to our leopard species -Panthera pardus kotiya.” Cat species expert, Dr. Sriyanie Miththapala, also believes that the black leopard is not a new species of leopard. Quoting directly an extract about black panthers by Dr. John Seidensticker and Dr. Susan Lumpkin, she said ,‘Everyone has heard of a black panther, which in reality, is just a leopard with black background fur, which obscures the cat’s spots. It is not a separate species; in fact, black furred and spotted cubs can be siblings born of the same litter. Known as melanism, black fur in leopards and domestic cats is the result of a single recessive gene for coat colour, whereas in jaguars it results from a single dominant gene. Melanistic or black individuals appear in many, if not all species [of wild cats] but do so frequently among leopards, jaguars, margays, ocelots.’ Of the eight species of panthers living in the world, the sub-species, Sri Lankan Panther is extraordinary due to its very limited population. An investigation into them was held recently, headed by Dr. Malaka Abeywardene and Dr. Manoj Akalanka of the Wildlife Department. Abeywardene said: “The reason for these animals being black is mainly an adaptation for hunting purposes and for protection of their kind since they mostly roam in cold and dark places. We request the general public to come forward to protect these animals since they are an important gift given by Mother Nature”

Of the 23 individuals suspected to have been infected by the new coronavirus and were admitted to the Infectious Disease Hospital (IDH) since last Friday (January 24), only 16 individuals are now in the IDH. The condition of the Chinese tourist who tested positive for the Coronavius is improving. She had a mild sickness at the time of admission to the IDH. Samples collected from eight patients were sent to the Medical Research Institute (MRI) for testing, and the reports of three patients were negative. Only one female Chinese National had been positive. Students and all other people returning from China are advised to stay at home for 14 days and seek medical treatment immediately from the 12 hospitals designated for Coronavirus Treatment if they show symptoms of the virus. They should inform the MOH and PHI immediately. Health Minister Pavithra Wanniarachchi stated on Tuesday that the National Action Committee appointed under the direction of President meets every day and discuss the measures that need to be taken to prevent coronavirus infections and ensure the safety of the country. Everything is done according to the International rules and regulations and the rules and regulations recommended by the WHO. According to the 8th Situation Report issued by the WHO on Monday, January 28 a total of 4,593 confirmed coronavirus patients had been reported from around the world while 4,537 of them are from China with 106 deaths. Outside China, there were 56 cases from 14 countries in the world. According to the WHO Risk Assessment, China is in the Very High Risk category while the risk exists at Regional and Global level. (Daily News, 30.1.2020)

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Victor Meldor


                               ACQUISITIONS   FOR  THE  MONTH  OF  DECEMBER  2019


  1. My Island Paradise by Dodwell Keyt 2019. (Donated by the Author, Rosebud, Victoria)


  1. ‘Serendib’, The Inflight Magazine of Srilankan Airlines, Vol 39, No 9, November 2019

 (Donated by Neville Fernando, Westmeadows, Victoria)

  1. ‘Hi’ Magazine, The Society Magazine, Sri Lanka, Series 17, Vol 5, 2019

 (Donated by T.R, Keysborough, with assistance of Mr B. Sanjaya, Sri Lanka)


  1. Newsletter – St Peter’s College Old Boy’s Union, Colombo, Vol 1, July – September 2019
  2. Newsletter – Burgher Association (Australia) Inc, Summer Newsletter, December 2019
  3. Newsletter – Burgher Welfare League of WA Inc, Vol 30.2, November 2019.
  4. “Outreach” Newsletter – Voluntary Outreach Club Inc (VOC), December 2019.
  5. “The Vine”, Evergreens Newsletter, Operation Hope Inc, December 2019.
  6. ‘The Old Aloysian’ –  Journal of The Old Aloysians Sports  Club (Australia) Inc, December 2019. 


  1. CD – Burial Records, Dutch Reformed Churches in Colombo (Wolvendaal, Pettah & Bambalapitiya) – Kabristan Archives.

(Donated by Jacky & Windsor Morris, Croydon, UK)

  1. Articles – offprints: . Ceylon: The Continuing Crisis by Robert N. Kearney, Asian Survey, Vol 111, No 2, February 1963, pp 123- 127.
  2. Ceylon: A Year of Consolidation by Robert N. Kearney, Asian Survey, Vol Iv, No 2, February 1964, pp 729 – 734.
  3. Ceylon: A Time of  Troubles by A. Jeyaratnam Wilson, Asian Survey, Vol Xii, No 2, February 1972, pp 109 – 115.
  4. The April Revolt in Ceylon by ‘Politicus’, Asian Survey, Vol XII, No 3, March 1972, pp 259 – 274.
  5. Sri Lanka in 1972: Tension and Change by W. A. Wiswa Warnapala, Asian Survey, Vol XIII, No 2, February 1973, pp 217 – 230.
  6. Major Trends in Sri Lanka’s Non-Alignment Policy after 1956 by S.U. Kodikara, Asian Survey, Vol XIII, No 12, Dec 1973, pp 1121 – 1136.
  7. The Management of External & Internal Finances in Sri Lanka: problems & policies by B. Hewavitharana, A. S., Vol XIII, No 12, Dec 1973,  pp
  8. 1137 –   1154
  9. The Five Year Plan & Development Policy in Sri Lanka: Socio-Political Perspectives & the Plan by N. Balakrishnan, A.S., Vol XIII, No 12, Dec

  1973, pp  1155- 1168.        

  1. Education” An Era of Reform by D. D. de Saram, Asian Survey, Vol XIII, No 12, December 1973, pp 1169 – 1178.
  2. The New Constitution of Sri Lanka by W. A.Wiswa Warnapala, Asian Survey, Vol XIII, No 12, December 1973, pp 1179 – 1192. 
  3. Sri Lanka in 1973: A test for Both the Rules & the Ruled by W.A.Wiswa Warnapala, A.S, Vol XIV, No 2, Feb 1974, pp 148 – 156.  
  4. Sri Lanka in 1975: Political Crisis and Split in the Coalition by N. Balakrishnan, Asian Survey, Vol XVI, No 2, February 1976, pp 130 – 139.
  5. An Overview of Settlement Schemes in Sri Lanka by Nihal Amerasinghe, Asian Survey, Vol XVI, No 7, July 1976, pp 620 – 636.
  6. Sri Lanka in 1976: Changing Strategies and Confrontation by P. V. J. Jayasekera, Asian Survey, Vol XVII, No 2, February 1977, pp 208 – 217.
  7. Sri Lanka’s 1977 General Election: The Resurgence of the UNP by Vijaya Samaraweera,, A.S, Vol XVII, No 12, Dec 1977, pp 1195 – 1206.
  8. Sri Lanka.1976: Reversal of Policies and Strategies by W. A. Wiswa Warnapala, Asian Survey, Vol XIX, No 2, February 1979, pp 178 – 190.
  9. Language and the Rise of Tamil Separatism in Sri Lanka by Robert N. Kearney, Asian Survey, Vol XVII, No 5, May 1978, pp 521 – 634.
  10. Sri Lanka in 1979: New Stresses in the Economy and the Polity by W.A. Wiswa Warnapala, A. S. Vol XX, No 2, Feb 1980, pp 206 – 216.
  11. Continuity & Change in Sri Lanka;’ Foreign policy: 1974 – 1979 by S.U. Kodikara, Asian Survey, Vol XX, No 9, Sept 1980, pp 879 – 890.
  12. Economic Policies & Trends in Sri Lanka by N. Balakrishnan, Asian Survey, Vol XX, No 9, September 1980, pp 891 – 902.
  13. Recent Developments in Sinhala-Tamil Relations by W. I. Siriweera, Asian Survey, Vol XX, No 9, Sept 1980, pp 903 – 913.   
  14. Sri Lanka’s New Constitution by W. A. Wiswa Warnapala, Asian Survey, Vol XX, No 9, September 1980, pp 915 – 930.
  15. Sri Lanka in 1980: The Year of Constraints by W. Howard Wriggins, Asian Survey, Vol XXI, No 2, February 1981, pp 203 – 211.
  16. The Green Revolution in Rice: The Role of the Risk Factor with Special Reference to Sri Lanka by H. M. Gamini Herath, Asian Survey, Vol

   XXI, No 6. June 1981, pp 664 – 675.

  1. Women in Politics by Robert. N. Keraney, Asian Survey, Vol XXI, No 7, July 1981, pp 729 – 746.
  2. The Cultural Dimension in Tamil Separatism in Sri Lanka by Bryan Pfaffenberger, Asian Survey, Vol XXI, No 11, Nov 1981, pp 1154 – 1157.
  3. Sri Lanka in 1981: Year of Austerity, Development Councils & Communal Disorders by W. Howard Wriggins, A.S, Vol XXII, No 2, Feb 1982,

            Pp  171 – 179.

  1. District development Councils in Sri Lanka by Bruce Matthews, Asian Survey, Vol XXII, No 11, November 1982, pp 1117 – 1134.
  2. Sri Lanka in 1982: A Year of Elections by S.W.R. De A Samarasinghe, Asian Survey, Vol XXIII, No 2, February 1983, pp 158 – 164.
  3. The Private Sector in Sri Lanka Since 1977 by John Stuart Blackton, Asian Survey, Vol XXIII, No 6, June 1983, pp 736 – 751.      
  4. Sri Lanka in 1983: Ethnic Conflict & the Search for a Solution by S.W.R.De A. Samarasinghe, A. S., Vol XXIV, No 2, Feb 1984, pp 250 – 256.
  5. Islamic Revivalism in Harmony & Conflict: The Experience in Sri Lanka & Malaysia by A. Ameer Ali, A.S., Vol XXIV, No 3, Mar 1984, pp 296

  – 313.

  1. Ethnic Conflict & the Tamil Separatist Movement in Sri Lanka by Robert N. Kearney, Asian Survey, Vol XXV, No 9, Sept 1985, pp 898 – 917. 36.    Sri Lanka in 1985: The Persistence of Conflict by Robert N. Kearney, Asian Survey, Vol XXVI, No 2, February 1986, pp 219 – 223.
  2. The Economic Impact of the Recent Ethnic Disturbances in Sri Lanka by Lee Ann Ross & Tilak Samaranayake, A.S. Vol XXVI, No 11, Nov

            1985, pp 1240 – 1255.

  1. Sri Lanka in 1986: A Nation at the Crossroads by Bryan Pfaffenberger, Asian Survey, Vol XXVII, No 2, February 1987, pp 155 – 162.
  2. Policing a Communal Society: The Case of Sri Lanka by Angela S. Burger, Asian Survey, Vol XXVII, No7, July 1987, pp 822 – 833.
  3. The Devolution of Power in Sri Lanka: A Solution to the Separatist Movement ?, by L. Kenneth Hubel, Asian Survey, Vol XXVII, No

11, November 1987, pp 1176 – 1187.

  1. Sri Lanka in 1987: Indian Intervention & Resurgence of the JVP by Bryan Pfaffenberger, Asian Survey, Vol XXVIII, No 2, February 1988, pp 137 – 147.
  2. Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka: India’s Role & Perception by P. Venkateshwar Rao, Asian Survey, Vol XXVIII, No 4, April 1988, pp 419 – 436.
  3. Sri Lanka’s Ethnic Conflict: The Indo Lanka Peace Accord by Ralph R. Premdas & S.W.R.De A Samarasinghe, Asian Survey, Vol XXVIII, No 6, June 1988, pp 676 – 690.
  4. Sri Lanka in 1988: Seeds of the Accord by Bruce Matthews, Asian Survey, Vol XXIX, No 2, February 1989, pp 229 – 235.
  5. The Peace Accord & the Tamilsin Sri Lanka by Shantha K. Hennayake, Asian Survy, Vol XXIX, No 4, April 1989, pp 410 – 415.
  6. The Continuing Crisis in Sri Lanka: The JVP, Indian Troops & Tamil Politics by Shelton U. Kodikara,, Asian Survey, Vol XXIX, No 7,July 1989, pp 716 – 724.
  7. Sri Lanka in 1989: Peril & Good Luck by Bruce Matthews, Asian Survey, Vol XXX, No 2, February 1990, pp 144 – 149.
  8. New Realities in Sri Lankan Politics by Marshall R. Singer, Asian Survey, Vol XXX, No 4, April 1990, pp 409 – 425.
  9. Sri Lanka in 1990: The Ethnic Strife Continues by Marshall R. Singer, Asian Survey , Vol XXXI, No 2, February 991, pp 140 – 145.
  10. Economic Liberalization & the development of Manufacturing in Sri Lanka by Sriyani Dias, Asian Survey, Vol XXXI, No7. July 1991, pp 613 – 629.
  11. Sri Lanka in 1991: Some Surprising Twists by Marshall. R. Singer, Vol XXXII, No 2, February 1992, pp 168 – 174.
  12. Changing Civil-Military Relations in Sri Lanka by Angela S. Burger, Asian Survey, Vol XXXII, No 8, August 1992, pp 744 – 756.
  13. Sri Lanka in 1992: Opportunity Missed in the Ethno-Nationalist Crisis, by Shantha K. Hennanayake, Asian Survey, Vol XXXIII, No 2, February 1993, pp 157 – 164.     
  14. Sri Lanka in 1993: Eruptions & Flow by Gamini Keerawella & Rohan Samarajiva, Asian Survey, Vol XXXIV, No 2, February 1994, pp168 – 174
  15. The 1994 Parliamentary Elections in Sri Lanka: A Vote for Good Governance by S.W.R.De A. Samarasinghe, Asian Survey, Vol XXXIV, No 12, December 1994, pp 1019 – 1034.
  16. Sri Lanka in 1994: A Mandate for Peace, by Gamini Keerawella & Rohan Samarajiva, Asian Survey, Vol XXXV, No 2, February 1995, pp 153 – 159
  17. Sri Lanka in 1995: A Difficult & Disappointing Year by Howard B. Schaffer, Asian Survey, Vol XXXVI, No 2, February 1996, pp 216 – 223.
  18. Sri Lanka’s Ethnic Conflict: Have Bombs Shattered Hopes for Peace ?, by Marshall S. Singer, Asian Survey, Vol XXXVI, No 11, November 1996, pp 1146 – 1155.
  19. Sri Lanka in 1996: Promise & Disappointment, by Howard B. Schaffer, Asian Survey, Vol XXXVII, No 2, February 1997, pp 143 – 148.

            (No’s  2 – 59, Ofprints, Donated by Lal Kuruppu, Waniassa, ACT)





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